Employer Of Record in United Kingdom

We make it easy and painless to expand your business into United Kingdom. Forget about dealing with local regulations, confusing tax laws and international payroll management. We take care of all that so you don't have to.

Accelerate your growth into United Kingdom Compliantly and hassle-free

At Serviap Global we handle all employee onboarding, payroll, compliance, risk, mitigation and benefits, so you can focus on what matters most – your business.

How we can help you expand in United Kingdom

As your EOR in United Kingdom we’d help you expand by hiring employees and running their payroll without establishing a local branch office or subsidiary. 

Your candidate is hired by a PEO in United Kingdom provider in accordance with local labor laws and can be onboarded in days instead of the months it typically takes. Shortly after, your new employee will be working for you, just like any other member of your team.

Expand to United Kingdom with Serviap Global

Through our PEO and EOR services, you can hire qualified talent in your industry without the trouble of opening your own legal entity. 

In just a few days, you can easily and safely build a presence in United Kingdom being sure that your staff will be hired in compliance with labor and tax regulations.

Table of Contents

Quick Facts

Pound Sterling (GBP)


Payroll Cycle:


United Kingdom Country Facts

The United Kingdom (UK) is one of the best places to do business and one of the friendliest. It is also one of the safest. It boasts the fifth largest economy in the world and it is the second largest in Europe, after Germany. The nation’s currency is the pound sterling and the pound is the world’s fourth largest reserve currency. The UK is known for its financial services, with London being the second financial center in the world, after New York. Its labor laws are more flexible and liberal than other European Union countries. About 30 million people visit the UK every year, making it one of the top destinations in the world. UK citizens enjoy a good standard of living and unemployment tends to be lower than its neighboring countries. They also enjoy a great public transportation system, with mostly metro and rail networks in the city, and train with buses in more rural areas. The major cities are London, Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, and Glasgow.

The Economy

The UK economy is highly developed and is market oriented. The country produces 65% of its own food and the agricultural sector accounts for about 4 million jobs. The aerospace industry is the third in the world but it shines with its financial services which make up about 80% of its Gross Domestic Product. The European Union, the United States, and China are major trading partners for this Island.

Small and Medium Businesses

Small and medium businesses make up about 99% of the UK’s business private sector, making it one of the most interesting places to start a business. Those businesses make up the large portion of the UK’s economic growth, in fact more than 96% of those businesses have less than 10 employees. Their success is largely due to their ability to master marketing, human resource, and finance skills. Furthermore, construction companies account for 16% of SMEs, professional and technical for 15%, and wholesale retail for 10%.

Starting a Business

Any person from any nationality may start a business in the UK and although the business needs to be registered with a UK address, this doesn’t mean the person doing business needs to have residential status. There are three types of corporate entities: partnerships, limited companies, and sole proprietorships. Sole Proprietorships is the most common legal structure; it makes up 60 % of the business registered in the UK. There  are  no  minimum  capital  requirements  to  start  a  business  and  the  process  can  be  completed  online.  Once you start employing people, you will need to purchase employer liability insurance.


The UK has two payroll options: you can use a proper software or you can choose the UK payroll processing company called UKPEO. All payroll options will funnel information to Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC).


Individual income tax rates are based on the level of employee salary and will vary from 0 to 45%. There is a national social security program that comes out of payroll: employees contribute 12% and employers 13.8%.
Minimum Wage

•       For anyone 25 and older: £7.83 per hour.

•       For anyone under 18: £4.35

•       For an apprentice: £3.90

WagesThe median salary in 2021 was 31,487 pounds
OvertimeEmployers do not have to pay over time, however, your average pay for the hours you work must not fall below the National Minimum Wage.

Leaves of Absence

Employees have the right to paid absences for the following things:

•       Vacation leave:

Most employees are entitled to 5.6 weeks’ of paid holiday a year.

•       Sick Leave:

In the UK there is Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) which is 86.35 pounds per week if you are too ill to work and is paid for up to 28 weeks. Some companies have a sick pay scheme or occupational scheme that offers employees more.

•       Maternity Leave:

Maternity leave is 52 weeks if eligible. The first 26 weeks is known as ‘Ordinary Maternity Leave’ and the last 26 weeks is ‘Additional Maternity Leave’. Employees must take at least 2 weeks after the birth of a child, or 4 weeks if they are a factory worker. Employers have to pay 39 weeks of SMP to new mothers.

•       Paternity Leave:

Paternity leave is up to 2 consecutive weeks. You must have been working for the employer for 26 weeks by the end of the 15th week before your baby is due.

•       Family Emergency:

In the UK there is such a thing as compassionate leave. This is where you can leave for an emergency for someone who relies on you. There is no law requiring an employer to pay an employee.

Tax advantages

The UK enjoys low corporate taxation when compared with its European neighbors. Its corporate tax rate is 19%. There are mostly no taxes on dividends received by or paid from a UK company. The country favors research and development by offering an R&D tax relief of up to 230%. The UK also favors entrepreneurship by having a 20% capital gains tax rate while providing many tax relief incentives.

Renewable Energy

Renewable energies make up 43% of its domestic power generation. The UK is peculiar in that regard, since it is one of the few countries where renewable energies have beat fossil fuels. The main renewable energy is wind power, which makes up 20% of its electricity.

Business Culture

The business culture of the UK is based on a few foundational principles, namely punctuality and politeness.

  • Stay Private
    The business person tends to keep her personal life private and be cautious about making new personal connections. Such connections, then, will take time to develop.
  • Stay Indirect
    It is sometimes difficult to get direct feedback, since people in the UK are not fond of public criticism. It is thus important to set out clear verbal expectations to insure proper business relations.
  • Be Fair
    On a larger scale, the UK is well known for its strong and fair rule of law. It is a trusted global mediator and arbitrator as it delivers fair and impartial hearings around the world. You can count on a stable business environment in the UK.

Food Culture

British people eat simple but hearty foods such as sausages, boiled potatoes, savory pies, fish and chips, and sweet desserts. The country makes great dairy products such as the clotted cream, the double cream, English cream, and the cheddar cheese. The afternoon tea is still a great British tradition, but coffee has grown in popularity. They are also known for their sparkling ciders and may have the best whiskies coming from Scotland.


The UK is a mostly Urban nation with a total population of about 66 million. It is predominantly 87% white, but also has a diversified population with 3% blacks, 2% Indian, and 2% Pakistani. The main language is English, but Welsh, and Gaelic are also spoken.

The majority of the population are Anglicans but Muslims make up about 4% of the population, and 1% are Hindu. They are highly educated with 74% of its population reaching at least a high-school degree. Many go on to advanced university degrees. Those degrees are viewed as basic qualifications to becoming a business professional. The UK business culture, however, does also pride itself in personal business experience, making the mentioning of an educational degree unnecessary. The UK is home to some of the world’s top business and management schools.


The United Kingdom (UK) is an island country situated in the northwest coast of continental Europe. It includes Great Britain, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. The UK governs several archipelagos, namely the Hebridean islands, the Shetland, the northern region of Orkney, the Isle of Wight, and the Isles of Scilly.

The UK has an extensive coastline and is made up of flat plains and highlands to the west. The climate differs depending on the geography, with the north being wetter and more humid and the south being warmer and drier; but rain remains a prominent feature of life for the entire country.

  • London:
    Perhaps the most well known city on this list, London is the capital of England and the 6th best start- up ecosystem in the world. A lot of different businesses can thrive here. There is also many different incubators and accelerators to help you kickstart your business, plus it has great access to the rest of Europe making is a great place to expand here and later the rest of the world. However, there is hard competition for anyone new to the city and business survival rate reaches 39.1%.
  • Leeds:
    Leeds is located in Yorkshire, England and is one of England’s top business hubs. This has the second largest business survival rates in the UK and the second largest active business population. Apart from the obvious place, London, Leeds is one of the leeding UK cities for financial and legal services, but its economy is also diverse with retail, creative and digital industries, and manufacturing. They also have an enterprise zone, giving business financial incentives.
  • Edinburgh:
    The capital of Scotland has plenty of appeal for businesses, it’s the leading financial center and houses digital, science and tech industries. This is also a great tourist attraction, with a highly educated population.
  • Cardiff:
    The Welsh capital is another important location for business, due to its advanced manufacturing, retail, creative media and tourism industry. It also offers businesses financial support, and other benefits to help them grow. Furthemore, there are rail connections to the rest of the UK.
  • Dublin:
    The capital of Ireland is another great place to have a business, as Ireland falls under the top 17 countries in the world for ease of starting a business. The GDP growth rate in 2018 was 5.1% which is one of the best in the EU. Construction, food and drink export, ICT, life sciences, business consulting, sanitization services, athletics, e-commerce, farming, and clothing all do well in Ireland.

General Highlights

Num. States / ProvinceThere are 4 countries that make up the UK: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

English, but not officially. You may also hear

Welsh, Gaelic and Scots.

Local CurrencyPound
Major ReligionChristianity
Date Formatdd/mm/yyyy
Thousands Separator Format999,999,999.99
Country Dial Code+44
Time ZoneGMT (Time starts in Greenwhich in England)



Border Countries

The Channel Tunnel beneath the English Channel links the UK with France. The UK shares maritime borders with Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and the Faroe Islands (Denmark).
Continental surface94,530 mi²
Fiscal YearJanuary 1 to December 31
VAT %20%


Minimum Wage

For anyone 25 and older: £7.83 per hour. For anyone under 18: £4.35

For an apprentice: £3.90

Taxpayer Identification Number Name in the countryNational Insurance Number
Current PresidentPrime Minister Boris Johnson

What you need to know about employing personal in UK:

Laws and Agencies that regulate labor relationships

LawsBrief Description
Employment Rights Act 1996This updates the older Labour Law, and covers the rights of employees in dismissals, unfair dismissals, paternity leave, maternity leave and redundancy.


Organization membership

The Council of Europe, European Union, European Space Agency, G4, G8, International Monetary Fund, NATO, OECD, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, UN, World Bank Group and the World Trade Organization.
National Minimum Wage Act 1998This sets the minimum wage across the UK.
Employment Relations Act 1999Establishes rights at work for trade union recognition, derecognition and industrial actions.
The Maternity and Parental Leave etc. Regulations 1999Statutory legislation that governs paternal leave and maternal leave.
Part-Time                                      Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable         Treatment) Regulations 2000


A UK labour law that requires employers give people doing part-time work comparable treatment to those full-time.

Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006This gives protection of existing employees rights and any employment contracts or promises continue when a business goes through a transfer.
The Equality Act 2010 & Agency Workers Regulations 2010


This prevents discrimination in the work place

Labor CodeNo one labor code
Social Security

The National Insurance Scheme (NIS), which provides benefits for

sickness, unemployment, death of a partner, retirement, etc.

Key Tax and Labor Authorities

There are some differences in how tax is dealt with throughout different areas of the UK, especially Scotland. It also extends to the smaller islands around the British coast.








HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC)

This is responsible for administering and collecting taxes all throughout the UK. It includes:

•       Income tax

•       Corporation tax

•       Capital gains tax

•       Inheritance tax

•       Insurance premium tax

•       Stamp, land, and petroleum revenue taxes

•       Environmental taxes

•       Climate change and aggregates levy and landfill tax

•       Value-Added Tax (VAT)

•       Customs duty;

•       Excise duties


Council Tax

Local offices are responsible for administrating council tax in the UK. This

levies fees such as parking fees.

National Insurance ContributionsThe second largest source of government revenue, the NIC is payable by employees, employers and the self-employed.
Health and Social Care Levy 2023Boris Johnson the Priminisher of England announced there will be a new tax to help fund the national health service.


Capital Gains Tax


This tax applies to the disposal of a capital asset.

Labor Contracts





Employment Rights Act 1996

This states that employers must give a written statement to an employee with the terms of their employment, within 2 months of beginning work. Both parties are free to agree on the terms of work. However, there are a numbers of protections and rights in the UK that may over ride the contract, Certain things are implied within contracts of employment including:

•       fidelity (serving the employer in good faith and not acting against

its interests)

•       obedience

•       due diligence and care, and

•       protecting trade secrets and confidential information.




Types of Contracts

Types of contracts include:

•       Open: Which are part or full time contracts for no set time period.

•       Fixed-Term: Which are the same as open but have an end date.

•       Zero Hours Contracts: Which are used for casual work as they do not guarantee a certain amount of hours each week.

•       Freelance Contracts: Where workers are self-employed and take care of their own tax and National Payments


Equalities Act 2010

This protects employees from discrimination of age, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability, religion, marital status or being pregnant.




Work Hours

The maximum number of hours a person can work each week is 48. You can choose to work more, but an employer cannot force anyone to work more than these hours. If under the age of 18 you cannot work more than 40 hours a week or eight hours a day, unless the employee chooses to.

Workers also must have sufficient breaks. A six hour day needs at least a 20 minute break and 11 hours rest between each shift, and one day off a week. If under 18 this increases to 30 minutes, 12 hours and 2 days.

Annual Taxable Income

Income tax depends on how much the income is above your Personal Allowance and how much falls within each tax band. You do not have to pay taxes on the first 12,570 pounds, this increases with a marriage allowance and blind persons allowance, and decreases if you make over 100,000 pounds.

Tax BandTaxable Income in PoundsTax Rate in %
Personal AllowanceUp to 12,5700%
Basic Rate12570-50,27020%
Higher Rate50,271-150,00040%
Additional RateOver 150,00045%

Corporate Tax Rates 

The normal rate of corporation tax in the UK is 19% as of 2021, however, it falls to 10% if the profits can be attributed to the exploitation of patents

Public Holidays

The Labor Code provides for public holidays that are observed in the UK:

DateHoliday NameEngland/WalesScotlandNorthern Ireland
Jan 1New Year’s DayYYY
Jan 22nd JanNYN
March 17St. Patrick’s DayNNY
Friday before EasterGood FridayYYY
Monday After EasterEaster MondayYNY
First Monday in MayEarly May Bank HolidayYYY
Last Monday in MaySpring Bank HolidayYYY
July 12Battle of the Boyne (Orangemen’s Day)NNY
First Monday in AugSummer Bank HolidayNYN
Dec 25Christmas DayYYY
Dec 26Boxing DayYYY


Type of Termination

Brief Description




Justified Dismissal

An employer can only dismiss an employee with valid reasons. such as:

•       Unacceptable standard of work

•       Gross misconduct such as assault

•       Persistent long-term illness that makes it impossible to do your job

•       Redundancy

•       If employment causes you to break the law

•       If it is impossible to employ your position any longer



Voluntary Leave

An employee can resign from their work at any time but they must serve out a notice period which will be detailed in the contract. This notice period increases the longer the employee has been employed. If the employer seriously breaches the contract you may leave due to constructive dismissal.








When an employer needs to scale down, redundancy takes place, and they need to be fair. Employers may use “last in, first out” or voluntary redundancy, or an offer of another job within the company. If the employee has been at the job for more than 2 years they receive statutory redundancy pay. Which is half a weeks pay for each full year worked when ages 22 or under, and one weeks pay for each year worked with 22-41, and 1.5 weeks pay for each year worked under 41. This is capped at 16,320 pounds.

Notice Period:

In the case of redundancy there are notice periods that need to be given to the employee. These are one week for employees working between 1 month – 2 years. One week for each year worked between 2-12 years and 12 weeks for employees who worked more than 12 years.


Retirement is currently 65, but will increase to 67 in 2028. Retirement in the UK is a choice and can be done at any age.

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